When salvage crews began cutting apart the capsized Golden Ray, a shipwreck the size of a 70-story office building with 4,200 cars within its cargo decks, in early November they predicted the demolition could be wrapped up by New Year’s Day.
Four months later, the job remains far from finished.
Both ends of the cargo ship have been cut away and carried off by barges in a pair of giant chunks. But roughly 75 percent of the vessel remains beached on its side off St. Simons Island on the Georgia coast, where the South Korean freighter overturned soon after leaving port Sept. 8, 2019.
“It’s been nothing but problems out here,” said Andy Jones, a St. Simons Island resident who heads to the wreck site in his small fishing boat most days to monitor the demolition and post updates to a YouTube channel. “It’s a disappointingly slow pace.”
Salvage experts decided more than a year ago that the Golden Ray, measuring 656 feet (199 metres) long, was too big to remove intact. They settled on a plan to carve the ship into eight massive chunks, each weighing up to 4,100 tons (3,720 metric tonnes).
They straddled the wreck with a towering crane with a winch and pulley system attached to 400 feet (122 metres) of anchor chain that acts as a dull sawblade, tearing through the ship’s hull with brute force.
Start-to-finish, each individual cut was supposed to take a single day. Taking into account time needed to load each severed ship section onto a barge and prepare for the next slice, the multiagency command overseeing the effort predicted the job would take eight weeks.
It’s turned out to be a lot harder.
The first cut began Nov. 6 and took three weeks. Lifting the ship’s bow section revealed battered cars and SUVs in neat, layered rows on the interior decks. The second cut started a month later, on Christmas Day, and was finished in a week.
Crews spent the entire month of February attempting a third cut through the ship’s engine room, a section fortified with thicker steel. After strain on the cutting apparatus forced extensive maintenance, the salvage crew stopped with the cut only about half finished.
They spent days moving the crane to the other end of the ship, where they began cutting a new section March 7 while rethinking plans to complete the unfinished one.
Tougher than anticipated
The ship’s steel has proven tougher than anticipated, slowing the process, and crews have taken pauses to perform extra inspections and maintenance, said Coast Guard Petty Officer 2nd Class Michael Himes, a spokesman for the multiagency command overseeing the demolition.
“If people are wondering when it is going to be done, we’re doing it as quickly and as safely as can be done,” Himes said. “But quick takes a back seat to safety.”
He said it’s possible the last chunk of the ship could head to the scrapyard by June, the first month of the Atlantic hurricane season. Workers have taken steps to make the cutting more efficient, using torches to remove strips of the ship’s hull plating and form a guide for the cutting chain. They’re also using a big mechanical claw to pluck cars from inside the ship to shed weight before sections are cut and lifted.
Conservationists worry the longer the shipwreck stays in St. Simons Sound, the greater pollution threat it poses to the area’s waterways, beaches and saltwater marshes.
The wreck site is surrounded by a mesh barrier intended to contain debris for cleanup once the big sections get removed. Boats equipped with skimmers and absorbent booms stay on standby to mop up any leaking oil or other pollutants.
Car parts washing ashore
Still, bumpers, tires and other car parts falling from the ship have been found on beaches. Birds have been found coated in oil. And though most fuel has been drained from the ship’s tanks, there’s concern that an estimated 44,000 gallons (166,500 litres) remaining could come gushing out once the cutting chain severs the ship’s fuel line.
“The longer anything sits in the water, the ship or these cars, it breaks down,” said Susan Inman, coastkeeper for the Altamaha Riverkeeper conservation group. “You have lead paint on your ship. You have all these plastic pieces, hydraulic fluid. A lot of this stuff is just going to be around for years.”
By the time demolition of the Golden Ray began in November, the project had already delayed for several months because of a busy hurricane season and handful of coronavirus infections among salvage team members.
Ironically, wreck site commanders insisted on removing the ship in large chunks because it was supposed to be faster. A year ago, the command fired its original salvage contractor for wanting to dismantle the ship in smaller pieces, saying it would take too long. The jilted firm sued in federal court, but a judge refused to halt the salvage after agreeing there was no time to waste.
Paul Hankins oversaw planning for a smaller-scale demolition of the Golden Ray until his employer, Donjon-SMIT, lost the job to a competitor. He has since left the company. Had his team not been fired, Hankins said, the overturned ship would now be a memory in coastal Georgia.
“We would have been done,” Hankins said. “Here we are a year later, and they’re nowhere close.”